The process of German unification and the end of the Cold War began in Berlin
On 9th November 1989, the Berlin Wall fell as a result of a peaceful revolution of the people of the GDR. Forty years after the creation of the two German states, the desire for German unity grew amongst the people of East Germany. The Cold War was brought to an end by the momentous events of this day 25 years ago which will be celebrated in Berlin and throughout Germany on Sunday 9th November.
Many special events and exhibitions to commemorate this historic anniversary will be taking place across the city over the coming days and weeks. Themes include the division of the city, the Cold War and the events leading up to peaceful reunification in 1989-1990. Visitors to Berlin will also have the chance to gain some insight into the history of Berlin as a divided city and the significance of the Wall for the city’s residents. Tourists will be able to take guided cycling tours along the Wall Trail, visit the former watchtowers, the East Side Gallery and take a tour of former East Berlin in a real East German Trabant car.
For 9th November a special light installation will be set up along the former course of the Wall as a “symbol of hope for a world without walls”. Made of thousands of illuminated, helium-filled balloons, a “Wall of Light” will run for twelve kilometres across the city from the former border crossing at Bornholmer Straße through the Mauerpark (Berlin Wall Park), past the Berlin Wall Memorial to the River Spree near the Reichstag, to the Brandenburg Gate and Potsdamer Platz, Checkpoint Charlie and finally to Kreuzberg and along the Spree to the Oberbaumbrücke.
Berliners and visitors will be able to walk along the course of the Wall following the illuminated balloons. At five spots, the white balloons will be released into the air to commemorate the fall of the Wall 25 years ago. The organisers are hoping that if the weather conditions are favourable the light installation will even be visible from outer space.
Also on 9th November singer Peter Gabriel will head up a gala event at the Brandenburg Gate to be called “Standing up for Freedom”: There will be a packed programme of music, entertainment and information, beginning at 12 noon with a public rehearsal by the Staatskapelle Berlin.